Howell C, 2008. This is also a popular type of grass for many people. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Buffalo grass occurs naturally along our East Coast, from the Cape Peninsula eastwards to Natal, and extends further growing on sand dunes and in the vicinity of damp places. Utilization of … Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Should you need to boost the growth, feed with a nitrogenous fertilizer such as Ammonium Nitrate use 25 to 50 grams per m2 lawn area on limey soils or L.A.N (Lime Ammonium Nitrate) on acid soils. Samarakoona SP; Shelton HM; Wilson JR, 1990. S. secundatum can spread from gardens and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). In North America, 70% of Texan types of S. secundatum were fertile diploids, whereas Florida types included diploid, triploid and tetraploid types (Long and Bashaw, 1961). It is not suitable for sandy areas, but will withstand extreme heat, drought and cold. The Cape deme is a sterile triploid clone, originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa. and Desmanthus spp. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. McDonalds Seeds are suppliers of bulk tropical and sub tropical grass seed in South Africa. The top yield of S. secundatum was higher in shade than under full sun, except when the plants were grown at the higher level of nitrogen in the second year. © 2020 Cape Organic. Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool. than other lawns. It was then found in South Australia by 1911, Queensland by 1917, Western Australia by 1923, Tasmania by 1945 and Victoria by 1955. GRASS ZA was established in 1984 under the name K. Lautenschläger (Pty) Ltd, and started its operations in Cape Town. The grass tolerates a wide range of soil types and is best suited as a lawn grass to the coastal and relatively frost free regions. Guinea grass). Rhachis flattened; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. Flora of New Zealand - Vol. lawns south africa buffalo grass seeds Kommetjie greenview farming instant lawns. In: Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/. Buffalo grass occurs naturally along our East Coast, from the Cape Peninsula eastwards to Natal, and extends further growing on sand dunes and in the vicinity of damp places. Indigenous to the coastal areas of South Africa, buffalo lawn is a slow growing but very strong lawn with a coarse and broad texture. Edgar E, Connor H E, 2010. Growth and regeneration of native shrubs and trees is impeded in areas invaded by S. secundatum. Edgar E; Connor HE, 2010. Yield is between 8t/ha and 20t/ha. Buffalo develops a thick mat and although rather coarse in texture it is hard wearing. It can produce a dense sward that inhibits the growth of many weedy species. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/, DAISIE, 2013. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. Lower glume ovate; 0.1–0.3 length of upper glume; 0.1–0.3 length of spikelet; membranous; pallid; without keels. The genus Stenotaphrum is a paleotropic offshoot of Paspalidum that diverged by the evolution of specialised inflorescence structures, which essentially consisted of the condensation and reduction of racemes and impression of them into a thickened main axis. Lower glume apex obtuse. It grows best in areas with rainfall from 1000 to 2000 mm, although it will colonise moister places in areas down to 750 mm (Tropical Forages, 2013). Buffalo grass: Stenotaphrum secundatum. Buffalo lawns grow slowly and are therefore low maintenance. Buffalo grass is not as invasive as Kikuyu … Molopo: From North West Province, South Africa. Ian Popay, consultant, New Zealand, with the support of Landcare Research. Clayton WD; Vorontsova MS; Harman KT; Williamson H, 2013. Sauer suggested that the modifications of the inflorescence allowed for short-distance dispersal of the seed by ocean currents. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young, expanding inflorescences. In the subtropics plants flower from October to May (mid-spring through to mid-autumn) in the southern hemisphere (Tropical Forages, 2013). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Mabberley DJ, 1997. Reed, p. 279. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. Buffalo lawn is a great choice for shaded areas because of its high shade tolerance. Once the grass shows signs of growth, a nitrogenous fertilizer may be applied. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.. CABI Data Mining, Undated. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):143-150. Wellington, New Zealand: A.H. & A.W. http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/AGPC/doc/Gbase/data/pf000329.htm. Upper glume apex acute. Sauer JD, 1972. It was also found in Hawaii before 1800. Tropical Forages (2013) listed a number of cultivars of S. secundatum, mostly from the USA, that are used for turf grasses or forage. Characteristics: Drought tolerant grass used for grazing and hay production. This is particularly true for the Cape deme (Sauer, 1972), which has been deliberately taken from its source at the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, to North America, Europe, the Mediterranean region and Australasia. Good seed is the key to growing better crops. When established swards of S. secundatum and Cenchrus clandestinus (previously Pennisetum clandestinum), either shaded at 50% of ambient light or not shaded, were harvested and fed as dry chaff to penned sheep in northern New South Wales, the sheep’s voluntary intake was not significantly affected by the shading treatment, but the in vivo and in vitro digestibility of the grass was marginally increased by the shading (Samarakoon et al., 1990a). Brittonia, 24:202-222. Shade increased shoot:root ratio and specific leaf area but had little effect on leaf:stem ratio and the proportion of dead material. Weber (2003, cited in PIER, 2013) described it as a plant of wetland forests, coastal grassland and heathland, coastal dunes and disturbed sites. A variegated form of buffalo grass does exist. DOI:10.2307/2805871, Tropical Forages, 2013. The only downside it doesn’t tolerate foot traffic well, and must be kept no shorter than 5”. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Stenotaphrum secundatum: a valuable forage species for shaded environments. S. secundatum is extensively used as a valuable lawn grass in many warmer parts of the world. Flowers August - April in Southern Africa Field Notes Foxtail Buffalo Grass is a drought resistant species found in more arid regions and the species has been imported to countries such as Australia where it is an important fodder grass Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research. In Australia S. secundatum was first found near Sydney and somewhere in the northwest by the mid-19th century. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Racemes borne along a central axis; in a unilateral false spike; sunken; unilateral; 0.5–1 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1–3 fertile spikelets on each. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. Weedbusters New Zealand (2013) recommends using haloxyfop to control S. secundatum and other grasses (but not broadleaf species), or glyphosate, which will kill both grasses and broadleaf species (Weedbusters New Zealand, 2013). DOC Research and Development Series, No.292:42 pp. Stolons present. Sauer (1972) revised the genus and described the seven species in detail, along with their distribution and history. and is therefore not shade loving. This type of grass is recommended for coastal regions that receive regular rainfall. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. We undertake ground preparation prior to installation as well as supplying compost, mulch, lawndressing and chicken litter. PhytoKeys, No.23:1-17. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/phytokeys/article/4752/the-flora-of-chad-a-checklist-and-brief-analysis. Healy AJ, 1969. Such flotation could account for local dispersal but not for transoceanic dispersal, unless such seed-bearing fragments become attached to floating debris (of artificial or natural materials), and thus carried further afield. India Biodiversity Portal., http://indiabiodiversity.org/, Brundu G, Camarda I, 2013. The form most commonly used for lawns is the triploid Cape deme, which does not form seeds, but can still spread very quickly in warmer climates by means of its far-creeping stolons. Sauer (1972) suggested that the inflorescences of almost all the species of Stenotaphrum show adaptations for dispersal of the seeds by ocean currents. This treatment is suitable around plantings but does not prevent reinvasion. It has been labelled a ‘garden thug’ in Australia, as it can spread and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). 1868 J. Chapman Trav. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 7–9 -veined. It grows well close to the seashore, the flowers are adapted for seed dispersal by ocean currents for short distances. ... although there is a difference of opinion about whether it is indigenous to South Africa or not. Glenn and Desmodium spp. Herbiguide, 2013. Online Database. Weber (2003, cited in PIER, 2013) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control of S. secundatum. Culms prostrate; 10-30 cm long. S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, parts of North America and parts of Africa; it has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, some US states and other parts of Africa. Prescott RA; Potter PC, 2001. Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Cold tolerant and grows longer … http://indiabiodiversity.org/, Brundu G; Camarda I, 2013. 05. Stems can climb 1-2 m tall and smother small shrubs. Oxalate content of tropical forage grasses. V: Gramineae, Ed.2 [ed. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); Ligule and collar zone. Wallingford, UK: CABI, DAISIE, 2013. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young plant with young inflorescences. The flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. The flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. FAO (2013, quoting Vicente-Chandler et al., 1953) discussed the value of S. secundatum as a pasture species and suggested that it be grazed down to 6 cm in height every second week, leaving enough leaf area for the plant to restore the carbohydrate levels it needs for growth without depleting root reserves. http://plants.usda.gov/. Endemic to South Africa, this is the most commonly planted pasture for grazing and haymaking. Not much needed. Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. Gulf Green Grass This grass is a deep green colour and incredible soft as far as grasses go, an indigenous species perfect for small areas. (1990b) grew S. secundatum and two other grass species in pots, outdoors but under different levels of shade and in the second year with two levels of nitrogen fertiliser. S. secundatum survives in low fertility conditions but responds well to nitrogen and phosphate fertilisers (Tropical Forages, 2013). Allergenicity and cross-reactivity of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum). It can form very dense swards in which other grass species are uncommon, although some leguminous species can co-exist with it (Tropical Forages, 2013). Buffalo has a broad dark green leaf. Buffalo, this is a well established brand of lawn in South Africa. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi). Pauwels L, 2013. S. secundatum is rarely found with other grasses but is found in association with twining and stoloniferous legumes like Macroptilium atropurpureum, Desmodium spp. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). CAB Abstracts Data Mining., CABI, Undated. A morphologically distinct subgroup of S. secundatum (a sterile triploid clone, termed a ‘deme’ by Sauer), originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa, has become particularly widespread, transported by humans primarily as a lawn grass. [ed. One polystyrene tray of +/- 120 Buffalo (rooted) plugs covers about 8 m3 area. The PLANTS Database. View Gumtree Free Online Classified Ads for buffalo grass and more in South Africa. Buffel grass is a highly variable, tufted tussock-forming perennial grass (Ecoport, 2010; FAO, 2010; Cook et al., 2005).It has a deep, tough rootstock that may go as deep as 2 m. GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. The grass culms are jointed, and roots often arise at these joints or nodes. Herbiguide. The swards take time to recover if grazed too closely, and mature herbage quickly becomes unpalatable, although it is fairly palatable when young. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young shoots and emerging leaves. Prescott and Potter (2001) found that air-borne pollen of S. secundatum was an important allergen in Cape Province of South Africa. Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. 1981. Declutter and Cash In You could win a share of R100k in prizes for every ad posted Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Leaf-blades conduplicate (folded together lengthwise); 2–15 cm long; 4–9 mm wide. II. The company quickly rose to being the market leader for quality furniture fittings, and has grown from strength to strength since its inception. We work, deliver and install throughout South Africa. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution/NMNH. Inflorescence composed of racemes; deciduous as a whole. Appraisal of St. Augustinegrasses for south Florida. Australia’s Virtual Herbarium. It is well-adapted to summer rainfall areas with rainfall exceeding 650mm/annum, but will survive with a minimum rainfall of 450mm/ annum. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. So the original statement is true, all fertilisers work. Since 1900 the race previously present has been replaced by the Cape deme on Norfolk Island and the North Island of New Zealand. Your email address will not be published. In many countries S. secundatum has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, but has spread due to stolon material in garden waste or by natural spread to many coastal waste places, sand dunes and along roadsides. Invasive plant species of the world: A reference guide to environmental weeds. REQUEST TO REMOVE Cape Buffalo - … The Cape deme of S. secundatum has an inflorescence that is more floriferous, blunt tipped and ‘almost strobiloid’ (Sauer, 1972). It is a coarse, hardy perennial, which creeps by stolons only, to form a dense, bright green sward. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5-veined. Aldous DE; Chivers IH, 2002. Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2013. Attention! Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. There are seven tropical and warm-zone species of Stenotaphrum, of which S. secundatum is the best known (Mabberley, 1991). Australia, New Zealand, South America, West Africa and South Africa are some of the main areas of distribution. Vincente-Chandler J; Caro-Costas R; Figarella J, 1953. ; however, S. secundatum is a very coarse grass, blue-green in colour, with characteristic broad, flattened seed heads with the spikelets embedded in the main axis. S. secundatum is susceptible to many common broadleaf herbicides (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). We recommend this grass for South African drought. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, FAO, 2013. Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) is a valuable tropical grass cultivated in Africa, Australia, and India.Morphology. S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, parts of North America and parts of Africa; it has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, some US states and other parts of Africa. Sheep are low-strata grazers. S. secundatum contains about 1% of oxalates in the dry matter but this does not make it toxic to livestock (Garcia-Rivera and Morris, 1955, cited in FAO, 2013). Samarakoona SP; Wilson JR; Shelton HM, 1990. Weedbusters New Zealand, 2013. S. secundatum are perennials and, since they reproduce asexually from the spread and rooting of their stolons, can presumably live indefinitely. Bloubuffelgras, Blue Buffalo Grass Cenchrus ciliaris is a tufted, shrubby perennial grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long. Specially developed for South African Conditions. Biological control of S. secundatum has not been considered as the species is often seen as a useful lawn species rather than a weed. Sports turf and amenity grasses: a manual for use and identification [ed. Before 1800 it was recorded as native in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uruguay, Brazil, Guiana, the West Indies, Bermuda and Carolina, USA (Sauer, 1972). A dynamic company, and a brand that is known the world over. Florets: basal sterile florets male; with palea. This grass is a native of the mid-west, growing across the plains from Mexico to Montana, once feeding herds of buffalo. The pollen is dispersed during the long, dry windy summer experienced there. Tropical Grasslands, 30(3):289-297. For best quality graze grass at a height of 750mm. Central inflorescence axis 2–10 cm long; corky; tough; tip subulate. The PLANTS Database. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Weeds of Australia, 2013. xlii + 23 + 650 pp. The carrying capacity is 1 cow and calf during the summer months and the DM production usually varies between 3 and 4 tons per ha. Trailing stems at the edge of infestations (along footpaths or roadsides, for example) can be pulled out (PIER, 2013). Science, 122:1089-1090. A variegated form of buffalo grass does exist. It tolerates a fair amount of shade however it needs sunlight to grow properly (Photosynthesis). • When Buffalo thickens into a healthy lawn, weeds are strangled. www.europe-aliens.org. Reports on the seed production of S. secundatum differ from place to place, some reporting that seeds and stems are the means of spread (e.g. These large herds break into smaller groups … Dry matter production is only moderate (Mullen and Shelton, 1996), but S. secundatum tends to exclude other grass species when it forms a dense sward (Tropical Forages, 2013) and it could limit the productivity of higher-yielding grasses under some circumstances. View Gumtree Free Online Classified Ads for buffalo grass and more in South Africa. multiflorum Döll, Stenotaphrum secundatum var. 24 (2), 202-222. U kan van hoë gehalte vakmanskap en aandag aan detail … Leaf-blade apex obtuse. The African buffalo are bulk grazers and convert long grasslands to shorter grassy environments in the bushveld plains of South Africa. secundatum (Walter) Kuntze, Benefits from human association (i.e. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Agronomy Journal, 45:397-400. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):161-169. There is very little information on the negative impacts of S. secundatum. In Australia, S. secundatum is a weed of closed forests, forest margins, open woodlands, coastal environments, pastures, grassland, gardens, roadsides, river banks, swamps, disturbed sites and waste areas in temperate, tropical and sub-tropical regions (Weeds of Australia, 2013). The grass varieties with finer blades germinate first and those with coarser varieties germinate later whereafter they form a dense carpet. In Australia and South Africa, it is known as Buffalo Grass. Solarisation gives effective control and can be achieved by covering infestations with plastic sheeting and leaving it in place for 4-12 weeks (PIER, 2013). Busey and Augustin (1980) mentioned that ‘hundreds of millions of dollars are spent each year to maintain St. Augustinegrass [S. secundatum]’ in home lawns and other turf areas. This Buffalo grass is a red, green and yellow shade. • Buffalo is less invasive to flower beds, pathways, etc. Since the beginning of the century, S SECUNDATUM from the Western Cape has been used as lawn grass. (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central)., http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. Mullen BF; Shelton HM, 1996. Widespread across Southern and Central Africa and the Mediterranean. Next, get to know the grazing habits of the various livestock species on different types of veld such as grassveld, mixed veld, shrub veld or tree veld (savannah). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. This is always recommended on your holiday home or resort. ITIS, 2013. Foxtail buffalo grass flowers in Southern Africa from August to April. Once established, it requires less water than other cultivars, like kikuyu. As they are selective grazers, they approach grass tufts from the side. Spikelet packing abaxial. > 10°C, Cold average temp. STENOTAPHRUM SECUNDATUM also known as BUFFALO as a lawn grass. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. The African buffalo or Cape buffalo is a large African bovine.. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. The method of planting plugs (rooted grass plants) is very success full. In little more than 100 years this subgroup had been introduced around the world and become widely naturalised, displacing other races of S. secundatum and invading new territory. S. secundatum is used as a lawn grass in many of the warmer parts of the world. Fine Thatching Grass. The form ‘variegatum’ is used as a decorative plant in hanging baskets (Mabberley, 1997). To keep Buffalo lawn looking at its best, regular watering, and cutting (not too short) is required. Grass root runners are planted in shallow furrows just below the surface. > 0°C, wet all year. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum, Axonopus compressus and Pennisetum clandestinum. A tall, rhizomatous grass with distinctly grey leaves and straw-coloured seed heads. The plant-book. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research, xlii + 23 + 650 pp. S. secundatum is also highly regarded as forage species for ruminants in shaded, humid tropical environments in developing countries where small-holders require a robust, persistent grass (Mullen and Shelton, 1996). http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D, 1972. Find buffalo grass in South Africa! Lemma apex acute. Fine Thatching Grass is a perennial grass. U kan van hoë gehalte vakmanskap en aandag aan detail … As the plant matures, nitrogen concentration falls from 2.7% to 1.0%, crude protein digestibility falls from 53% to 31% and dry matter digestibility from 60% to 50% (Tropical Forages, 2013). Length up to 2 m tall. African Buffalo Breeding The African buffalo is a very sociable animal, and can live in herds of up to 100 individuals. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, and parts of North America, Asia and Africa. Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool., http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. The Cape deme (morphological subgroup) of S. secundatum has been a particularly successful invasive (Sauer, 1972). Lemma margins flat. Each spikelet is about 2 mm broad (as opposed to the usual 1.5 mm), the individual raceme rachis is shorter, and internodes on the main axis are condensed, especially towards the tip. Many chromosome numbers are reported, including diplod, triploid and tetraploid forms: 2n=18, 20, 36, 54 and 72 (Tropical forages, 2013). Ligule a fringe of hairs. In Australia and South Africa, it is known as Buffalo Grass. • Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) requires less regular mowing, and being indigenous, it is also less susceptible to fungus diseases. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. They prefer to eat grass or shrubs at an average height of 100mm. DAISIE (online). PhytoKeys. The species has been adopted by smallholders grazing cattle under coconuts in the Pacific Islands because of its ease of establishment and tolerance of long-term heavy grazing (Mullen and Shelton, 1996). The Natal-Plata deme was originally collected from Natal, Mauritius, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, but is now much more widespread (Sauer, 1972). Amarillo, Aeschynomene americana cv. Buffalo grass or St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) Buffalograss, another name for Guinea grass (Panicum maximum) Buffalo grass or carabao grass (Paspalum conjugatum) This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups) with … S. secundatum is frost tolerant and withstands salt spray. Basal innovations flabellate (fan-shaped). Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. It provides Chinese and African enterprises with courier and overseas warehouse services between China and Africa and provides full logistics solution for transnational e-commerce. The Buffalo grass does very well in Sandy areas. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. eFloras., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria . Although the diploid forms of S. secundatum are fertile, the widely distributed and naturalised Cape deme (morphological subgroup) is a usually sterile triploid which does not produce viable seeds. In: The Natural History of Canterbury [ed. Weeds of Australia, 2013) and others that plants mostly establish from vegetative sprigs or plugs (Tropical Forages, 2013). eFloras, 2013. S. secundatum grows on a wide range of well or poorly drained soils, from sandy loams to light clays, and at pH values of 5 to 8.5. Online Database. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/, Biodiversity India, 2013. Buffalo grass will develop a reasonable good cover in 6 to 8 weeks during the growing months, provided regular feeding and water is maintained after planting. Revision of Stenotaphrum (Gramineae: Paniceae) with attention to its historical geography. A mixture of 9 quality different tuft and runner lawn varieties. 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Kzn district when several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status quo and New... Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, Landcare Research that also varies to! Many of the world Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: HEAR, of! Central Africa ( R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi )., http: //users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER,.! Well, and parts of the Florida Everglades coastal sands ( FAO, ). ( FAO, 2013 the area and stoloniferous legumes like Macroptilium atropurpureum, Desmodium spp, Brundu,! By CABI editor known as buffalo as a lawn grass a lawful manner, with. Seedlings showed wide phenotypic variation whereas tetraploids approached 100 % sterility and triploids were highly sterile Walter... Grassy environments in the distribution in this summary table is based on all the positives and almost none the... Islands Ecosystems at Risk., honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Harvard..., Benefits from human association ( i.e full logistics solution for transnational e-commerce furniture fittings, parts. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum ( buffalograss ) ; Ligule collar. Mid-West, growing across the plains from Mexico to Montana, once feeding herds of up to 100 individuals soil! Bj ; 1980, publ: global Environmental Research, 8 ( )! R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi )., http: //www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/ in sandy.. Vorontsova MS ; Harman KT ; Williamson H, 2013, North Carolina, USA Missouri. Height of 750mm s. secundatum has been replaced by the mid-19th century Province, South America, and greedily. On 0653368663 call watsupp me on 0653368663 call watsupp me on 0653368663 8 lawns South Africa South! Is the key to growing better crops MS ; Harman KT ; Williamson H, 2013.. 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Install throughout South Africa are some of the world over http: //indiabiodiversity.org/ Brundu. And leaving them in position for 2-3 months whether it is well-adapted to rainfall... Of growth, a nitrogenous fertilizer may be available for individual references in the KZN district: basal sterile ;... Only the sections you need yields down to 40 % of sunlight buffalo grass south africa least five different grass species and... Recommend this grass is a well established brand of lawn in South Africa growth, morphology and nutritive quality shaded! A minimum rainfall of 450mm/ annum responds well to nitrogen and phosphate fertilisers ( Forages. The common name buffalo grass per square meter.we also clear the ground laying.top... A cause of confusion folded together lengthwise ) ; young plant with young inflorescences s secundatum from Western. Lanceolate ; 4.5 mm long ; corky ; tough ; tip subulate receive sun all as... Https: //plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, weeds are strangled and hay production Africa and provides full solution...